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Different Types of Coffee in the World and Their Real Caffeine Contents

How many types of coffee are there in the world?

Drinking coffee is a very common practice all over the world. Many things contribute to this, such as the presence of coffee shops in every corner of the world.

Some of the world's best coffees are grown in tropical countries. Coffee can easily grow in places that are slightly above sea level.

For this reason, there are usually different types of coffee that can appeal to different tastes. However, the best coffees are those grown especially in high places, such as mountainous and tropical regions.

There are many coffee producing countries in the world, but the following are some of the major coffee producing countries:


Since the beginning of coffee cultivation in 1700, Brazil has one of the oldest coffee traditions in the world. Today, they have become pioneers in producing more coffee in the world.

Today, 1 out of every 4 cups of coffee in the world is Brazilian coffee. Most of the coffee beans in Brazil are of the Arabica type.

Brazil is also very popular when it comes to coffee specialties. There are different farms that grow these specialty forms of coffee: Bourbon, Typica, Caturra and Mundo Novo.

Brazilians harvest coffee between March and October. Coffee can be harvested manually or mechanically.

Weather conditions can also affect coffee harvesting, as foragers may choose to use dry or wet methods to process the coffee.


Colombia's coffee supply is second only to Brazil and second in the world. More than 12% of the world's coffee comes from Colombia.

The different types of Colombian coffee are usually very strong, thick and low acidity. They also have a wonderful scent.

Colombians usually harvest coffee between October and February. There is also another harvest period from April to June. The coffee varieties grown here are: Bourbon brands, Typica, Caturra and Maragogype.


The first coffee factory in Mexico was built at the end of the 18th century. Most types of coffee grown in Mexico are the simplest. They are often used as a base for mixtures. Different brands such as Bourbon, Mundo Novo, Catura and Maragogype are grown on Mexican farms.


The climate of this country often varies with topography and location. Therefore, there are different versions of light coffee in the country. These coffee beans are harvested at different times of the year, but the actual harvest period is usually between October and January.

Indonesia and New Guinea.

The coffees of this region are usually called Sumatran Coffees. These coffees are very smooth and also naturally complex. Coffees grown in Honduras are quite simple. They are often used as a base for other mixtures. Most Honduran coffee is usually harvested between October and March. The wet processing method is most commonly used to harvest Honduran coffee.

Honduran types of coffee give rise to different types of coffee such as Bourbon, Caturra and typical coffee brands.


Ethiopia generally has some of the best coffee brands in the world. Ethiopian coffee is often one of the most unique and intriguing types of coffee in the world. Ethiopia grows three types of coffee: Ghimbi, Harrar and Sidamo.

These coffees have a slightly fruity taste and very strong aromas as well as a great thickness.

There are other countries that produce brands of coffee and these include Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Malawi, Nicaragua, Tanzania, Uganda and Venezuela.

The different ways in which coffee is usually harvested.

Most coffee trees produce their first coffee cherries when they are about 5 years old. If these trees are properly cared for, they can produce great coffee every year for about twenty years.

Most coffee trees allow farmers to harvest about one kilo of coffee cherries each year.

Harvest time is usually different in different countries. When these coffee cherries are quite red, bright and strong, they are usually at their best for picking. A coffee bean is usually the bean of a coffee cherry.

A coffee cherry usually has a fairly thick exterior and a slightly bitter flavor. The fruit of the coffee cherry is quite sweet and has an outer texture reminiscent of grapes.

After the fruit layer is usually a parchment, covered with a thin, slippery layer: mucilage. What the parchment actually does is protect the entire area around the grain.

When the parchment is removed, there are usually two transparent and bluish-green coffee beans. These grains are usually covered with a thin layer called silver skin.

Between 90 and 95% of the time, most coffee cherries provide two coffee beans. Coffee cherries, which are just one coffee bean, are known as caracolillos.

Ripe cherries from coffee trees can be harvested by one of these different methods. These methods are: selective picking, mechanical picking and Stripping (fast).

In selective harvesting, coffee beans are collected one after the other and unripe cherries are left released.

In peeling (fast) ripe and unripe cherries are harvested at the same time.

Mechanical harvesting also collects all the grains using a specific device called a harvester.

The method used to select the coffee will depend on a number of causes and conditions.

After the coffee is harvested, the beans are processed in a dry or wet process.

The dry process usually involves drying the coffee beans while they are inside the cherries. The result is usually a dark, heavy brown that is smooth but not smooth.

Age processing is a much newer and rather complex method. What this method does is it removes the four outer layers surrounding the coffee bean and when made in this state the coffee is much cleaner and brighter and also has a much more fruity flavor.

Using a natural method such as pulping means that the coffee bean will be ground into pulp and the fermentation step will help get rid of the silver husk. Coffee produced this way is usually sweeter than other types of coffee. This coffee production method can only be used in countries with low humidity.

Coffee is mainly harvested during the dry seasons. The nature of the dry season often varies from country to country.

Countries like Brazil usually harvest their coffee between March and October. In Colombia, coffee is usually harvested between October and February, or alternatively between April and June.

Different coffee plants (coffee trees) and their characteristics.

There are different types of coffee plants grown around the world that provide us with coffee beans that are used to prepare coffee at home and in coffee shops.


Only grown in the Kona districts of Hawaii, the Kona plant produces one of the most expensive types of coffee in the world. First introduced to Hawaii from Brazilian cuttings in 1828, the Kona coffee tree is grown and harvested on more than eight hundred small family farms, each averaging five acres.

Kona coffee blends usually only contain the required minimum 10% Kona beans mixed with beans from other countries.

"Real" Kona is marked as 100% Kona coffee. Kona coffee has a very strong flavor and a very strong aroma.


The Robusta facility, also called Canephora, is at the other end of the quality scale, despite representing 40% of the world's coffee production.

Although easy to grow, disease and weather resistant, and harvested all over the world, Robusta beans have an astringent, woody flavor and are often mixed with Kona or Arabica to mask a hint of flavor.

You can purchase Robusta coffee beans to make your own coffee flavor experiments and blends. Uganda, Vietnam, India, Brazil, and Indonesia are major sources of Robusta coffee.


The Arabica plant produces coffee with a very delicate flavor that varies depending on the country in which it is grown. Indonesian Arabica creates a spicy coffee, while Jamaican Arabica is known for its low bitterness and mild flavor.

Originating from Indonesia, Java coffee creates a coffee with a strong sweet flavor. The island of Java is also the source of the world's most expensive coffee beans, the kopi luwak variety, where coffee beans are processed in the digestive tracts of small animals called musks.

How much caffeine is in a cup of coffee.

Coffee is not just coffee, it is a mixture of different components that make up the grain. Some of these chemical components are destroyed by roasting the coffee bean.

Other chemical components are not destroyed, and one that is not destroyed is the caffeine contained in coffee beans. When hot water is mixed with ground coffee, a lot of caffeine is extracted from the bean.

Scientists discovered that caffeine was found in coffee in 1820. Caffeine is a mild stimulant. It works by increasing blood pressure and stimulating the central nervous system.

It also stimulates the functioning of the heart and lungs. It also guarantees the formation of urine, works as a diuretic and prevents fatigue.

On the other hand, caffeine also has some very positive side effects: it can relieve migraines because it dilates blood vessels and reduces pain.

It can also reduce asthma attacks. However, caffeine can be associated with other negative things like degenerative diseases or birth defects. Officially, although there is no confirmation of such negative effects.

Coffee beans contain varying levels of caffeine. A regular cup of coffee can contain between 90 and 150 mg of caffeine. Any coffee made in a drip coffee maker contains significantly higher amounts of caffeine.

You can find an average of 115 to 175 mg of caffeine in these drip coffee makers. Other coffee machines have an average amount of caffeine ranging from 80 to 135 mg.

An espresso contains as much caffeine as a regular cup of coffee. You can find up to 100 mg of caffeine per cup of espresso. The serving size of an espresso is much smaller.

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