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Differences Between Espresso, Ristretto, Lungo




You are probably familiar with the term "espresso" and have probably consumed it before. But have you ever heard of #ristretto? a coffee #lungo ? Although these drinks are consumed less frequently and are not usually served in classic restaurants or cafes, they are on the menu of many coffee shops.

You may not be familiar with these drinks yet, but maybe one of them will taste more to your taste than an espresso, who knows?

Espresso:

It is a beverage made by pouring water with high pressure (9 bar) on 7-10 grams of coffee. Although it is accepted by many professionals that an espresso is 30ml of beverage, it is usually served in a larger capacity.

Lungo;

The amount of Lungo is more of an espresso. In fact, it is considered that an espresso becomes a lungo from 50 ml. So even if it's called espresso, you've probably consumed a lungo before.

Ristretto;

Ristretto is a coffee that contains less water than espresso. This is an even shorter coffee, usually between 15 and 20 ml. It is a coffee concentrate that is even richer and oddly sweeter than espresso.

In fact, when you pour an espresso, you bring out the sour and sweet side first, while the bitter ingredients come only later. When making ristretto, there is not enough water contact to bring out the more bitter side of the coffee.

One ristretto is 15 ml of coffee.

An espresso is 30 ml.

One lung is 50 ml.

Espresso flows through the machine 20 to 30 seconds. The extraction can be cut a little earlier for a ristretto and a little later for a lungo, but ideally, the flow should always be within the classic espresso extraction time range.

In the grind size the barista needs to play for this:

The finer the grind, the less water passes through it and the shorter the coffee. Then we get a ristretto.

The coarser the grind, the easier the water passes. Then we get a lungo .

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